How do Deer Farmers Collect Urine? Deers are precious creatures. They are cloven-hoofed ruminants and the only ungulates having antlers. Deer raising is one of the profitable businesses. They are farmed because of their valuable products. Their Products include Deer Meat, Deer Antlers, Deer Hydes and, even deer urine is a worthy product. How it is collected? What are the different benefits of deer’s urine? We will discuss this in detail with reasoning and logic.
How to Collect Deer Urine / Potent Attractant
Deer urine is one of the beneficial and profit-generating products for deer farmers. Deer urine is widely used as an attractant to attract a new deer and increase her curiosity level. This is also used to calm them. Interestingly, it can be used during any hunting season. This simply acts as a natural cover scent.
Can Urine Be Collected from Doe and Buck Both? Deer Urine Farmer
Yes, urine of both bucks and does are effective and are commercially sold. But doe’s urine has double effectiveness as it can be used as an attractant to catch the attention of bucks during hunting as well as also a cover scent to eliminate the spooky human door that diverts whitetails from coming close.
Deer urine is collected from both sexes throughout the year depending upon its use.
How Do Hunters Use Deer Urine as an Attractant
Hunters use doe urine to capture male bucks during hunting seasons. They simply hang a cotton wick from a tree branch within the shooting range of their stand and then soak the wick in doe urine. They will spray their clothes, spray their Boots to mask their human scent.
During Deer Hunting season takes place during the Deer Rut. Males for several Months are chasing Does to Breed. The wind carries the scent all around and nearby buck thinks there is some doe in heat to be bred. This is how they come close to the source and easily caught by the hunters.
Making Deer Scents – Urine Farmer
Commonly there are two types of scents, cover scents, and lures. Cover scents are designed to mask the human odor with a naturally occurring smell, such as the scent of a tree, plant, or animal.
Lures are intended to draw deer into a gun or bow range out of hunger, curiosity, or sex appeal. They include food scents such as apple, non-estrous doe urine, and—the most sought-after of all—estrous deer urine. No matter what you use, remember that deer can discern multiple odors at the same time, which places a premium on reducing human smells as you deploy these products. For maximum results, stay meticulously clean and wear latex gloves when you handle any scent.
There are various risks and factors associated with deer urine. This has been banned in many areas because of the potential pathogens it spreads and causing many diseases. There are many artificial and synthetic scents (commercially manufactured attractants) in the place of natural urine to limit the infectious risks. But these synthetic products have varying efficiencies.
How Deer Urine is Collected
Collecting deer urine is not a simple procedure. This is the trickiest thing. Preferably deer urine is collected in fall when does enters the estrus (heat cycle). Does stay overnight and urinate continuously. These urine drippings fall onto a sloped floor that move is linked with a vat. Drippings from the floor are collected in that particular vat and when it becomes full, this urine is refrigerated and farmers sell them out according to their policies.
Deer Urine. The urine collected from the deer is marketable. It is sold out and is a business of selling deer urine. The urine collected from the deer is used for making hunting lure. It is collected in a game farm where deer are kept in a facility with a cement floor that is on a slope to be collected. Often does those are in estrus will be particularly sought after.
In 1990, Collora designed and built a labyrinth of runways that allows him efficiently to guide bucks and does into holding pens and handling stalls. Does are more social and tolerant. So, Collora could fit several in a larger enclosure. Their urine is harvested throughout the fall; as an individual does enter estrus, they are singled out for collection. The deer stays overnight, their pee dripping onto a sloped floor and running toward a refrigerated vat as soon as it is full. The refrigerator usually used is a walk-in refrigerator.
The remaining urine is packaged in two or four oz high-density plastic bottles to be sold under the same brand name. These are sold to locals. These locals include sporting goods stores, over the website, or through cell phone numbers. For small operations, bottling can be done manually. And bottles can be supplied through the service of transportation
How is Buck Urine Used?
Buck urine is also used to attract other bucks. This provokes other bucks to fight.
How Much Urine a Typical Deer Produces in a Day?
Generally, a typical deer produces 64 ounces urine in pleasant weather on the other hand 42 ounces when weather is not good.
Production of Deer Urine
If you want to produce deer urine to sell, how will you do it? Paul karosan has been in this business for almost 15 years. He produces and sells urine under some brand name.
According to him, the first important factor is to have a tame deer. He bottle raises all his fawns that will later provide the urine. This includes the bucks. Tame bucks can be very dangerous during the rut, so remove their hard antlers for your safety.
Collection of Urine
The collection of urine method is simple. Buildings of about eight square feet are raised. These buildings have slatted floors that allow the urine to pass through to the subfloors, draining urine into a pipe and then into a bucket. The urine is collected every morning and refrigerated.
Put two does in overnight for about twelve hours. They have all the water and feed they need. Two can produce about a gallon and half a pee in this period. Since the deer regularly eat in the buildings, there is no stress to them. The floors are pressure washed regularly to keep them clean.
By boarding up the buildings to make them darker causes the does to come into heat. This is one way the doe in heat urine can be collected earlier and be on the market for hunting
The collected urine is strained. Paint filters from the local body shops are excellent. The urine is immediately refrigerated. Add a preservative sodium benzoate (the same stuff found in drinks). Much of the urine is stored in five-gallon buckets and shipped to scent companies all over the USA. Doe in heat urine currently is being sold from seventy to a hundred dollars per gallon.
Why Pure Urine is Effective?
This has been documented that pure urine is effective in attracting and stimulating other deer. When you add preservatives or another chemical they tend to change the chemistry of urine and interfere with pheromones, which are major players. It is advisable to ship the fresh urine placed in the cooler to retailers/customers.
Deer Urine Business
Here are some of the Business Considerations if you would like to pursue this avenue in Deer Farming.
The Deer Urine Market
It is enough that the dollar sign dances in the eye of the deer farmer.
A single deer pees about a half of gallon of sixty-four ounces of urine a day. It is being sold as four to thirteen dollars per ounce of pee. It is a great opportunity for a deer farmer.
Deer urine is a precious thing. Deer farmers earn a lot of money after selling it. ( $105 / $110 / Gallon) But this must be remembered that deer urine collection is a sensitive process. It takes care and proper focus. There are a number of benefits of deer urine, especially in hunting. There are various risks and factors associated with the handling of deer urine, initially fresh urine is sterile (free from pathogens) but after exposure, it becomes a source of infections. So, its use in hunting has been restricted in many states but yet there are many other manufactured products that mimic the actual deer urine and are used as replacers to deer urine. Remember, there are various levels of efficiency of various products.
Deer / Cervid Farming / Profitability Table
|Deer Type||Ave Weight||Average Calves/Yr||Gestation||Meat Retail Price/lb|
|White Tailed||150||2||201||$ 38.95|
|Mule||120 - 320||2||203||$ 7 - 9.50|
|Elk||71- - 730||1||240 - 262||$ 44.95|
|Reindeer||350 - 400||1||222||$ 74.95|
|Moose||840 - 1500||1||243||$ 7.50|
Types of Deer for Deer Farming
|Breed of Deer||Weight||Price of Venison|
|Whitetail||Buck - 150 lb|
Doe - 100 lbs
|Mule||Buck - 150 - 300 lbs|
Does - 95 - 200 lbs
|Red||Buck 350 - 530 lbs|
Doe 260 - 370 lbs
|Fallow||Buck - 130 - 200 lbs|
Does - 60 - 90lbs
|Axis||Bucks 150 - 250 lbs|
Does 90 - 150 lbs
|Reindeer||Buck 350 - 400 lbs|
Does - 180 - 260 lbs
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Glenn D. Delgiudice, L. David Mech and Ulysses S. Sea The Journal of Wildlife Management
Vol. 53, No. 2 (Apr., 1989), pp. 284-291
MÜLLER-SCHWARZE, D. 1971. Pheromones in black-tailed deer,Odocoileus hemionus columbianus.Anim. Behav. 19:141–152.
Mathiason CK, Powers JG, Dahmes SJ, Osborn DA, Miller KV, et al. (2006) Infectious prions in the saliva and blood of deer with chronic wasting disease. Science 314: 133–136.
REGNIER, F.E., andM. GOODWIN. 1977. On the chemical and environmental modulation of pheromone release from vertebrate scent marks, pp. 115–133,in D. Müller-Schwarze and R.M. Silverstein (eds.). Chemical Signals. New York, Plenum.
KEY WORDS (DEER URINE) (DEER HUNTING) (DEER DISEASES) (DEER PHERAMONE) (DEER ESTRUS)