How Do Deer Farmers Collect Their Deer Urine?
Deer Urine. The urine collected from the deer is marketable. It is sold out and is a business of selling the deer urine. The urine collected from the deer is used for making hunting lure. It is collected in a game farm where deer are kept in a facility with a cement floor that is on a slope to be collected. Often does that are in estrus will be particularly sought after.
In 1990, Collora designed and built a labyrinth of runways that allows him efficiently to guide bucks and does into holding pens and handling stalls. Does are more social and tolerant. So, Collora could fit several in a larger enclosure. Their urine is harvested throughout the fall; as an individual does enter estrus, they are singled out for collection. The deer stays overnight, their pee dripping onto a sloped floor and running toward a refrigerated vat as soon as it is full. The refrigerator usually used is a walk-in refrigerator.
Production of Deer Urine
If you want to produce deer urine to sell, how will you do it? Paul karosan has been into this business for almost 15 years. He produces and sells urine under some brand name.
According to him, the first important factor is to have a tame deer. He bottle raises all his fawns that will later provide the urine. This includes the bucks. Tame bucks can be very dangerous during the rut, so remove their hard antlers for your safety.
Collection of Urine
The collection of urine method is simple. Buildings of about eight square feet are raised. These buildings have slatted floors that allow the urine to pass through to the subfloors, draining urine into a pipe and then into a bucket. The urine is collected every morning and refrigerated.
Put two does in overnight for about twelve hours. They have all the water and feed they need. Two can produce about a gallon and half a pee in this period. Since the deer regularly eat in the buildings, there is no stress to them. The floors are pressure washed regularly to keep them clean.
By boarding up the buildings to make them darker causes the does to come into heat. This is one way the doe in heat urine can be collected earlier and be on the market for hunting.
The collected urine is strained. Paint filters from the local body shops are excellent. The urine is immediately refrigerated. Add a preservative sodium benzoate (the same stuff found in drinks). Much of the urine is stored in five-gallon buckets and shipped to scent companies all over the USA. Doe in heat urine currently is being sold from seventy to a hundred dollars per gallon.
The remaining urine is packaged in two or four oz high-density plastic bottles to be sold under the same brand name. These are sold to locals. These locals include sporting goods stores, over the website, or through cell phone numbers. For small operations, bottling can be done manually. And bottles can be supplied through the service of transportation.
Deer Urine Business
Here are some of the Business Considerations if you would like to pursue this avenue in Deer Farming.
The Deer Urine Market
It is enough that dollar sign dances in the eye of the deer farmer.
At the deer farm, there are several queries about how to get into the deer urine market.
Some seventeen million Americans hunt the white-tailed deer each fall. And are looking for every advantage they can get.
Reasons Why Deer Scents are Popular
There are several reasons why deer scents are getting in popularity.
Hunters typically do not have as much time as in the past to devote to shooting that whitetail buck. If you have ever hunted a white-tailed buck, you will probably know how cunning and clever the whitetail deer animal is. Older, quality trophy bucks are very hard to bag. If they are hunted a lot, they develop very effective strategies to ensure they live past the hunting season. So deer scents are designed to appeal their weakness for females, especially during the rutting season. Hunters have seen doe in heat scents attract bucks.
The Growing use of Deer Scents
Another reason is the growing use of deer scents is the boom in bowhunting. Bowhunters need to get close to their prey for good shots, and luring big bucks with the scents of a sexy die is one way to do it.
Is there any empirical evidence that these scents are effective in attracting big bucks? Urine and glandular secretions help wild animals, including deer, find each other to mate, fight, or in the case of natural enemies, stay away. Whether they are effective, coming out of the bottle is debatable. However, this is the exact point; enough people believe in the product’s value to keep on buying it. So the market keeps on growing.
We strongly recommend that you secure your markets first before you invest in any production capability.
The easiest way is to provide urine to established scent companies who have the market channels in place. Ideally, you can secure contracts to provide the urine in advance. Be sure you can understand and live with the terms of any agreements.
The other way is to go to market the products under your brand name. There are many factors to consider here. First, you will need to establish a strong brand name. Your packaging must be appealing, and labeling is important. Your label must contain four-color and also include scan codes.
Evaluation of Distributing Channels
You will also have to evaluate and develop your distribution channels. Your choices are direct marketing or the use of retailers. You will have to do a lot of visits to the store, phone calls, and must have to give out many free samples. Your success with the retailer will depend on how well your product is being sold to the market. You may also want to consider some cooperative marketing programs with your retailers to move your products off their shelves.
Direct marketing can be done by selling off your website, direct mail campaigns, ads in outdoor magazines, brochures, trade shows, etc. Much more investigation involves taking orders, collecting payments, shipping the products out, and related activities. You need to be properly set up and staffed for direct marketing. Otherwise, poor service will kill your business very quickly.
Product Line Doe / Buck Urine
What about your product line? Doe in heat seems to be the best seller. There are regular doe pee and dominant buck urine. The latter also seems to be growing in popularity. You may come up with some other products that fit well into your product line.
What about unique features? Some claim that their scents are 100% natural. Others guarantee freshness. Some claim that their products are not watered down. Some claim that their pee comes from genetically superior whitetails. Some say their urine comes individual animals and is never mixed with the pee of other animals. How will you differentiate your product from the crowd?
As with any business venture, the deer urine market has its risks. Here are some you should be aware of;
Some players with some big advertising budgets in this market, e.g., buck stop lure cooperation’s mate tricks original doe in heat buck scent. Also, there are probably many other small players in the market as well. Business is not always good; there is always an opportunity or room for others to adjust. Saturation is usually there, but there is always the opportunity for new business people to join the flow.
Some players have been successful in getting urine products removed from some stored shelves because of animal cruelty claims. Do not even think of caging up your deer for long periods to collect urine. Practicing humane animal treatment and welfare will reduce the risk.
Unfortunately, the industry has had a few scandals in the past where products are not what they were advised to be – plain ammonia and cow urine, etc. being bottled and sold as deer scents. Deal with reputable companies, or if you are selling the product yourself, then you must always be ethical, and you must maintain your integrity. Scams once in life are sufficient as a disaster for your business. Your company or brand name must highlight the fault. This helps maintain your integrity.
At least hunter claims he got brucellosis from using deer urine. It is probably a good idea to collect urine only from tuberculosis and brucellosis tested and accredited herds. Now with the CWD issue, the animal should come from herds under CWD surveillance. Perhaps the industry needs to look at how to sterilize the urine without reducing its effectiveness.
How to Use the Product
There are several ways deer scents can be used. One is to pour some on your clothing to mask your scent and to attract the bucks. This is not recommended because deer can be dangerous animals when in a rut and can attack. As indicated above, deer urine is hardly a sanitary substance, and there is a risk of contact of brucellosis or some other disease. Besides, when you walk into the house, your wife is sure to throw you out.
Recommended Ways to Use Deer Scent
In the following, there are three recommended ways.
- Dragline method
- Cotton ball method
- Sprinkle method
Approximately 100 to 150 yards before you get to your hunting area, take a clean piece of cloth, saturate in scent, attach a string and drag the string behind you until you pass your hunting spot. Hang the cloth about 1 foot off the ground and then walk back to your hunting spot.
Cotton Ball Method
Place five cotton balls in an empty film canister overnight with the scent. Locate these cotton balls around your hunting spot and about 1 foot off the ground so that the scent can circulate.
Open the bottle of scent and sprinkle a few drops in several areas around your hunting spot. Be sure to sprinkle scent on a few low ground branches so that the scent can circulate.
Deer urine is a renewable, sustainable resource that may offer some revenue diversification for white-tailed deer farmers. It is worth checking out.
Collection of Deer Urine
The urine collecting facility has four separate rooms, which gives them the ability to gather four different scents at one time. The floors of the room are slotted, and the urine falls where it is filtered and collected in the basement. All bottling and marketing are done in houses.
Collecting deer urine resembles a conventional method of the dairy operation. We keep 130 deer and a few elk. The deer come into the barn at night to eat. Their urine drips through grates onto a sloping floor that runs into a collection vat surrounded by a cooling pit. When the vat fills up, workers store it in a walk-in refrigerator. We filter the urine, bottle it, and ship it out in coolers to customers.
There is a possibility for CWD to be spread through the use of scents if the urine comes from infected animals. For this reason, every animal is tested rigorously. Outfitter’s edge is harvested from a closed herd that has been under surveillance for CWD for the last two years.
The company offers four deer scents to hunters: buck in rut, pre-rut buck, doe in heat, and preheat doe. They also offer an elk scent and have plans for moose as well.
Deer / Cervid Farming / Profitability Table
|Deer Type||Ave Weight||Average Calves/Yr||Gestation||Meat Retail Price/lb|
|White Tailed||150||2||201||$ 38.95|
|Mule||120 - 320||2||203||$ 7 - 9.50|
|Elk||71- - 730||1||240 - 262||$ 44.95|
|Reindeer||350 - 400||1||222||$ 74.95|
|Moose||840 - 1500||1||243||$ 7.50|
Types of Deer for Deer Farming
|Breed of Deer||Weight||Price of Venison|
|Whitetail||Buck - 150 lb|
Doe - 100 lbs
|Mule||Buck - 150 - 300 lbs|
Does - 95 - 200 lbs
|Red||Buck 350 - 530 lbs|
Doe 260 - 370 lbs
|Fallow||Buck - 130 - 200 lbs|
Does - 60 - 90lbs
|Axis||Bucks 150 - 250 lbs|
Does 90 - 150 lbs
|Reindeer||Buck 350 - 400 lbs|
Does - 180 - 260 lbs