Wild Horses Hooves
Wild horses maintain their own hooves by moving many kilometers a day across a variety of surfaces. This keeps their hooves in good condition as the movement across abrasive surfaces wears (‘trims’) the hooves on a continual basis. Unshod domestic horses rarely move enough to wear down their hooves correctly and the hooves of shod horses do not wear at all as horseshoes prevent any wear from occurring.
While you have to trim hooves of your domestic horse, the wild horse doesn’t need trimming. Wild horses are always out on the run. They cover long distances every day on tough gravel. The unfriendly terrains help in shaping hooves thus preventing overgrowing. Hooves grow faster and longer probably more than human nails.
This happens faster in domestic horses because they are rarely moving. Even if they move, owners are always careful about where the horse will step. In this case, the growing hooves are never exposed to the hard ground for trimming.
This is why you have to consistently visit the farrier. Horses in the wild cover miles and miles in a day and wear their hooves much more than domestic horses do even in a 24-hour turn out the situation in a field. As the outer hard part wears down the inner soft sole absorbs more of the pressure and distributing it keeps the hoof from wearing down as quickly.
This keeps the whole foot from wearing down too much except in extreme situations like when a foal or young horse with softer and smaller hooves involves a Mustang Roundup wears too much of its feet away and becomes lame.
Horse Hoof Frog
The sole of the horse in domestic horses also needs trimming although. The rubbery center called the frog generally is no longer considered to need trimming under most circumstances. Mustangs have thicker soles in general than your more pampered thoroughbreds for instance.
This is probably due to the type of use they get similar to the way your feet get tougher and thicker in the summer if you go barefoot often, but also because through breeds have worn shoes to protect their feet for generations and a Mustang with a weaker foot wouldn’t survive to breed.
Why horses need shoes this needs to be clear, wild horses don’t need shoes. They have natural protection against unfriendly terrains. When talking of horse hooves, it is about your horse in the stable, First, it is not used for long distances and hard gravel. Also, whenever it is carrying you, all the weight is exerted on the hooves.
Shoes help reduce the tension between the horse hooves and the ground. It is often strenuous for domestic horses because they only carry you or run for distances occasionally. Additionally, domestic horses tend to have weaker hooves because of inadequate exercise and staying in damp grounds. While you might be doing your best to maintain the nutrition of your horse, there is a high likelihood you are missing some crucial nutritional components.
In such conditions, a horse would need shoes to protect it from splitting if you intend to ride on a hard surface for long. The splitting might not happen on the first day but continuous exposure to such environments without protection causes wear and tear that will eventually lead to hoof splitting.
After how long should I go to the farrier?
Hooves need regular care. First, you won’t like the sight of your horses with overgrown hooves. Besides, it affects walking, it might be uncomfortable to the point of pain. It is worse if you want to ride it on a hard surface. Also, hooves are more than the external effect.
They are connected to internal tissues; ligaments and tendons will be affected, which means with time your horse won’t move. If this exceeds to weeks, you can guess the effect on other parts of the body.
Now that you can’t be riding the horse every day over long distances on hard surfaces like the wild horses, you need to schedule regular visits to the farrier. Hoof care is not only for unshod horses, even your shod horse needs regular foot care and maintenance.
Hooves should be trimmed naturally as horses move in the wild and hard surfaces. Now that you love your horse and want it to stay in a stable, you should be natural. Go the extra mile to care for its hooves.
Abrasive surfaces would have prevented hooves from overgrowing and affecting the ligaments but keeping it in a damp environment enhances growth. You have to trim it.
When you decide to buy shoes for your horse, you should also set apart money for a farrier for visits in at least 4 weeks intervals. Shoes do not prevent hooves from growing. It only protects the horse from abrasive surfaces, which are crucial in shaping the hooves.
You will be shocked at the length and appearance of the hooves after several weeks. A farrier is the only way to restore your horse’s health. Yes, health because it is uncomfortable and it might be extending to the functionality of tissues. Be sure to set regular appointments with a nearby and professional farrier to keep the hooves in shape.
History of Horseshoes / Hippo Sandals
Removable iron horseshoes are known as “hippo sandals” may have been invented by the Roman legions. Horses were shod with nailed-on horseshoes from the Middle Ages to the present, though well-trained farriers also performed barefoot trimming for horses that did not require the additional protection of shoes.
It has become standard practice to shoe most horses in active competition or work. However, there is a growing movement to eliminate shoes on working horses. Advocates of barefooting point out many benefits to keeping horses barefoot and present studies showing that improper shoeing can cause or exacerbate certain hoof ailments in the horse. Damage from improperly fitted and applied horseshoes can be seen in a gradual distortion of hoof shape, along with other ailments.
Hoof soles are often sensitive when going barefoot after a long period of having been shod (because they are not thick enough through callusing). It can take weeks, months, a year, or more, depending on the horse’s prior condition, before a horse is sound and usable on bare feet.
During this transition period, the horse can be fitted with hoof boots which protect the soles of the feet until the horse has time to heal and build up callouses, though these boots, especially when not properly fitted and used, can cause hoof damage as well.
The two things which can directly affect the health of the hoof are diet and exercise. Observers of wild horse populations note that the equine hoof stays in notably better conditions when horses are in a herd situation and are free to move around 24 hours a day, as wild horses do, permitting good circulation inside the hoof.
It is recommended that horses be allowed to walk at least 5 miles per day for optimum hoof health. The terrain should be varied, including gravel or hard surfaces and a water feature where the hooves can be wet occasionally.
Diet is very important too, as changes in feed can directly affect hoof health, most notably seen in cases of laminitis. Even some lots of hay may be high enough in sugar to cause laminitis. A healthy diet for horses currently with or prone to laminitis is based on free access to hay that has been tested for carbohydrate content.
Feeds and forage with high levels of sugar (carbohydrates) correlate with a higher risk of clinical or subclinical laminitis and with other hoof ailments. Natural hoof supplements can be used as a boost to the immune systems of horses when concerned with laminitis or other hoof ailments. D-Biotin supplements, often including the sulfur-containing amino, are commonly known natural supplements that are effective for managing hoof health.
Wild Horses run great distances which the horses by the travel wears down the horses hooves do not need trimming. Domestic horses walk on hard surfaces and do not get anywhere near the amount of exercise that their wild counterparts do. That is why they need frequent visits to the Horse manicurist – Farriers.
Horse Breeder Associations
|Blacksmith Association of North America||United States||ABANA|
|Applacia Charter of BlackSmith||United States||AACB|
|Horse Breed Associations Resource||United States||EQUUIS|
|United States Horse Breeder Association||United States||USSHBA|